The World Heritage Day or the International day for monuments and sites is observed every year on April 18 to spread awareness about the significance of the cultural heritage from around the world and perverse our traditional heritage and culture.
Suggested by International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) in 1982, UNESCO marked April 18 as World Heritage Day in 1983.
‘Complex Pasts: Diverse Futures’- is the theme of this year that signifies setting aside religious differences and spread the message of solidarity among various cultures.
So take a look at some of the iconic heritage sites in North-East India.
Kaziranga National Park, Assam:
Located in the heart of Assam, Kaziranga National Park is a home for the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinos, along with elephants, tigers, panthers, bears and many varieties of birds. Covering 42,996 ha, it is the single largest undisturbed and representative area in the Brahmaputra Valley floodplain. Formed in 1908 on the recommendation of Mary Curzon, the park was declared as a World heritage site by UNESCO in 1985.
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam:
Located in Assam, this wildlife sanctuary is the hotspot of wildlife which includes several endangered species. Covering an area of 39,100 hectares, it spans the Manas River and is bounded to the north by the forests of Bhutan. It was established in 1928 and was declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.
Apatani Cultural Landscape, Arunachal Pradesh:
Ziro Valley is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful sights located in the Lower Subansiri district. The valley is placed in the lap of nature with lofty mountains, pristine landscape, dense forest, and the land for Apatani tribal civilisation. It comprises about 32 km2 of cultivable areas out of 1,058 km2 of the plateau, undulated by small hillocks at an elevation of 1,525 metres above sea level to mountain tracts ranging from 1,830 to 2,900 metres above sea level.
Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh:
Namdapha National Park and Tiger Reserve is located within the Changlang district in Arunachal Pradesh. The enchanting forest covers an area of 1985.23 square. Declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1972, later a National Park in 1983, it is the fourth-largest national park in India.
Charaideo Moidams, Sibsagar District, Assam:
Located at the foothills of Nagaland, Charaideo is popularly known as the ‘Pyramids of Assam’. It was the capital of Ahom King, established by Chaolung Sukhapa in about 1229 CE. The Charaideo Moidams is known for the burial grounds of several Ahom kings and queens and is also a place for the ancestral gods of Ahoms.
Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur:
Located in the Bishnupur district of Manipur, it is the world’s only floating wildlife sanctuary on the Loktak Lake in Manipur. This park is a wetland ecosystem know for patches and rings of biomass. It is a land for the largest habitat of the state animal Sangai which is a brow-antlered beer.
The largest inhabited river island in the world, Majuli is located on the Brahmaputra River in Assam. Formed by the river Subansiri in the North and Brahmaputra River in the South, it is the cultural capital of the state since the 16th century. This island is well-known for its cultural significance and various festivals and events.